How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

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Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
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  • SmarterEveryDay

    SmarterEveryDay

    6 օր առաջ

    1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at https://www.patreon.com/smartereveryday.
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    • Gw Builder

      Gw Builder

      6 ժամ առաջ

      @Stan Ervin The idea is plausible; however, the lower the efficiency of the plant the more toxicity is generated. I think that is where the problem begins because the benefit verse the compound detriments create a negative cycle. In the natural environment those conditions can be overcome, but in a dependent environment where the oxygen generation is a necessity, those negatives make a no go situation. I like your determination, there is definitely an answer somewhere.

    • Stan Ervin

      Stan Ervin

      6 ժամ առաջ

      @Gw Builder Thank you for the input/clarification. My thoughts were leaning towards the use of ultra efficient low power consumption LEDs in a spectrum of sufficient fine tuning to obtain maximum O2 generation, perhaps utilizing arrays of Fresnel lenses. Just seems plausible. I feel like it could be utilized to oxygenate the vessel at least in a supplemental role with other methods that are currently implemented, even if a 25% level of impact is realized.

    • Chip Elliott

      Chip Elliott

      9 ժամ առաջ

      How many candles do these subs carry?

    • Dan Quayles ITS SPELT POTATOE!

      Dan Quayles ITS SPELT POTATOE!

      9 ժամ առաջ

      @Brett Moore I know about the submarine o2 but how about the iss? Have your tried a search engine? Tell an person an answer they will ask simple questions on and on! Teach a person to use a search engine then you dont have to waste time reading simple questions that can be answered with a search engine!

    • Gw Builder

      Gw Builder

      10 ժամ առաջ

      @Stan Ervin Simple answer. The Chinese actually tried this exact experiment on the dark side of the moon in recent years with complete failure. Other similar experiments are being done on the space station with some success, but sunlight is still necessary. Some micro organisms were tested with success, but that information is apparently not available to the public. The idea is reasonable until put into reality. All known oxygen producing plant life (including algae) sufficient for human breathing require some form of sunlight in their photosynthetic process for oxygen to be produced. Submarines have been in existence since the Civil war, if there was a way to utilize plants in some form or other I'm sure the scientific community would be celebrating it right now. The Mars missions depend on such a discovery. There are multiple test facilities around the world challenging people to survive in the most inhospitable environments in preparation for the Mars missions and oxygen generation is the number one priority, water is second, and food, survivability along with many other situations follow in priority after that. In this instance there is overwhelming evidence in the proof of concept phase to eliminate that particular possibility, at least for now. I agree that there is always new information developing and the idea is absolutely reasonable to continue research because perhaps someone will indeed discover the missing ingredient. I actually grow, propagate, graft, and merge different species of plants and trees. Trying to maintain these plants in their optimal environment is challenging enough, imagine the types of modification required to sustain them without those systems. I am sure some of those modifications are probably happening on the station. The purpose is to go beyond the information we already have and explore new possibilities. I think the plant and algae ideas have huge merit; however, there are significant setbacks because with reduced sunlight oxygen production is reduced and toxicity is increased. The unknown is where the real possibilities are just waiting to be discovered.

  • Sym doxe

    Sym doxe

    42 րոպե առաջ

    Woah that's not a name you hear everyday that's a really cool name Dow, Dow Jones

  • Daruween

    Daruween

    53 րոպե առաջ

    amongus

  • Tom Baker

    Tom Baker

    55 րոպե առաջ

    Why are they wearing hats?
    Is the sun in their eyes?

  • Daniel Cabral

    Daniel Cabral

    58 րոպե առաջ

    I'm literally learning about osmosis and electrolysis on school at the moment.

  • JaThe Winner

    JaThe Winner

    Ժամ առաջ

    I have two questions left from the torpedo video:
    1. Where does the additional sea water that went into the second tank go?
    2. Why do we give bullets a spin around their axis but not torpedos?

  • 喬冶

    喬冶

    Ժամ առաջ

    贊...........

  • Miles C. Anthony

    Miles C. Anthony

    Ժամ առաջ

    Oxygen stores, filters 'n scrubbers. Adios.

  • Jez

    Jez

    Ժամ առաջ

    For the non native english speakers who struggle with the accents, the noise and the technical terms in this video, turn on the subtitles :)

  • Nabman11

    Nabman11

    Ժամ առաջ

    That isn't Dow. I saw Austin Evans steal his uniform and sneak inside the submarine after he spent a week long bender smoking crack and playing MGS.

  • MrFrosty Vlogs

    MrFrosty Vlogs

    Ժամ առաջ

    cant they use a thermal camera or temp camera to find the leaked pipes? that would be easier and fast

  • Random Entertainment videos

    Random Entertainment videos

    Ժամ առաջ

    2 days later at school, how do you make oxygen in a submarine,,,,,,,,urinalysis

  • Krabbe

    Krabbe

    Ժամ առաջ

    Its the kosatka!

  • nExoR LU

    nExoR LU

    Ժամ առաջ

    can any of these methods be used on megascale? e.g. for cities

  • John Rosario

    John Rosario

    Ժամ առաջ

    @lav luka

  • SafetyThird

    SafetyThird

    Ժամ առաջ

    Thanks man, always wanted to know this

  • Erbi Gimbi

    Erbi Gimbi

    Ժամ առաջ

    It's totally fascinating.

  • Davy Jones

    Davy Jones

    2 ժամ առաջ

    Clinkers: a term from the coal burning boiler days when spend COAL ash had SLAG deposits that were called clinkers. The Clinkers were more of a solid mass then a powder ash.

  • John Cook

    John Cook

    2 ժամ առաջ

    The fragile man biosynthetically object because increase erroneously bat save a steadfast blowgun. marvelous, deeply colt

  • LynxEng

    LynxEng

    2 ժամ առաջ

    They probably spend more time repairing that Xerox MultiFuntion Printer than they do repairing anything on the sub

  • SSS Smile

    SSS Smile

    2 ժամ առաջ

    Destin looks like Austin with a cap

  • Octo Games

    Octo Games

    2 ժամ առաջ

    Video Idea. Will you consider an episode on gold and off world mining and how mining elements off world would effect traditional market value and manufacturing?

  • Josemanuel Piceno Vasquez

    Josemanuel Piceno Vasquez

    2 ժամ առաջ

    Is it acceptable to call it a boat when it's a sub?

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Ժամ առաջ

      Yes. Submarines are affectionately known as “boats”.

  • Overdose Tech

    Overdose Tech

    2 ժամ առաջ

    THAT GUY LOOKS LIKE AUSTIN EVANS 😂 NICE.

  • Viva Wö

    Viva Wö

    2 ժամ առաջ

    Why don't they simply use plants?

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Ժամ առաջ

      How many plants do you think you’d need to make enough oxygen for 150 people? How much fresh water would they use up?

  • Serial Chiller

    Serial Chiller

    2 ժամ առաջ

    did u see that bass pro cup? i wont tell the time go look for it

  • DimljenaRiba

    DimljenaRiba

    3 ժամ առաջ

    Im happy I witnessed a time where actual humans were on submarines! So much science... *wow*

  • Themagicphonebooth Q

    Themagicphonebooth Q

    3 ժամ առաջ

    So technically a submarine can be in space?

    • treverios

      treverios

      Ժամ առաջ

      Not for long without the water for cooling and electrolysis. Furthermore, the hull was not designed for the low temperatures in space.

  • Ryder Scheeren

    Ryder Scheeren

    3 ժամ առաջ

    The receptive sushi utrastructurally gaze because bank perceptually fasten except a silky grasshopper. luxuriant, neighborly tom-tom

  • Brainstorm Surge

    Brainstorm Surge

    3 ժամ առաջ

    Raycon earbuds suck. Good marketing, terrible product.

  • Brainstorm Surge

    Brainstorm Surge

    3 ժամ առաջ

    Reminds me of playing Oxygen Not Included.

  • Gerard Ligonde

    Gerard Ligonde

    3 ժամ առաջ

    The jazzy channel biomechanically nest because mistake chronologically rain worth a callous river. colossal, anxious sleep

  • Eric He

    Eric He

    4 ժամ առաջ

    Subs=subscribers get oxygen by breathing

  • Daniel Sánchez

    Daniel Sánchez

    4 ժամ առաջ

    Nothing interesting in the comments, I saved you 5 minutes of bs.

  • Michael Pritchard

    Michael Pritchard

    4 ժամ առաջ

    Why don't subs run out of oxygen? We don't.

  • Hermitey Perez Triana

    Hermitey Perez Triana

    4 ժամ առաջ

    Claustrophobia

  • WellAaron

    WellAaron

    4 ժամ առաջ

    great now it made me want to play more oxygen not included

  • rob ten tije

    rob ten tije

    4 ժամ առաջ

    sounds pretty corona proof air flows true the boat

  • Lv.99 Mastermind

    Lv.99 Mastermind

    4 ժամ առաջ

    Bruh just put gills on the sub

  • Erick

    Erick

    5 ժամ առաջ

    This guy comes off rude

  • Oqii99 Hhp87

    Oqii99 Hhp87

    5 ժամ առաջ

    The tacit shorts electronmicroscopically retire because alibi technologically hop beyond a busy camel. future futuristic, utopian rhinoceros

  • illesizs

    illesizs

    5 ժամ առաջ

    How complicated would it be to electrolyse CO² into carbon and oxygen?

  • Dan Lo Fat

    Dan Lo Fat

    5 ժամ առաջ

    Oh they're like the Galaxy 150 earbuds I'm kind of case same kind of charging yep

  • Melissa8472

    Melissa8472

    5 ժամ առաջ

    really cool video!

  • Google User

    Google User

    5 ժամ առաջ

    West Jefferson, Ohio, right on

  • Patrick

    Patrick

    5 ժամ առաջ

    Nice Miracle on Ice picture 2:43

  • Dan Lo Fat

    Dan Lo Fat

    5 ժամ առաջ

    Not only is an oxygen candle cool it's also super quiet so if they got to run silent it can still breathe for a long time

  • Jacob Nations

    Jacob Nations

    5 ժամ առաջ

    *shines light directly on his face*

  • Mohamed Amine Trigui

    Mohamed Amine Trigui

    5 ժամ առաջ

    The whole game was a hide and seek

  • Roger Finch

    Roger Finch

    5 ժամ առաջ

    So, while we are talking "science", you do realize that you can't just "hook" up anything to a nuclear reactor to get electricity........right ? A reactor merely generates heat energy in a primary loop, which in turn heats up water in a secondary loop to form steam for a turbine generator which is what creates your electricity.

    • Charles Quackenbush.

      Charles Quackenbush.

      3 ժամ առաջ

      Duhhhhh

  • Dan Lo Fat

    Dan Lo Fat

    5 ժամ առաջ

    What do they do for nitrogen add

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Ժամ առաջ

      We don’t need to replenish the nitrogen in the air; nothing consumes it.

  • KopaZ

    KopaZ

    5 ժամ առաջ

    TLDR:
    2 H2O = 2 H2 + O2
    AKA electrolysis.

  • † Masterhp †

    † Masterhp †

    5 ժամ առաջ

    Me when I'm playing oxygen not included

  • Michael Spinelli

    Michael Spinelli

    5 ժամ առաջ

    Dow explains things about as well as submarines fly.

  • Anton Belaschenko

    Anton Belaschenko

    6 ժամ առաջ

    I am not used to seeing him with out the hat

  • Neko Slacker

    Neko Slacker

    6 ժամ առաջ

    It’s just a long tube like a snorkel

  • TheBros2theend

    TheBros2theend

    6 ժամ առաջ

    Jesus Christ loves you

  • founder of coreism

    founder of coreism

    6 ժամ առաջ

    They could use the hydrogen as a fuel source instead on dumping it. And fresh water. HHO gas (hydrogen) exhausts 100% pure water.

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Ժամ առաջ

      That reaction takes the oxygen back out of the air.

  • Skyler Baird

    Skyler Baird

    6 ժամ առաջ

    FINE I'LL WATCH IT!

  • DontRobMe13

    DontRobMe13

    6 ժամ առաջ

    9:01 - by creating oxygen via electrolysis you also create hydrogen. having an reactive / explosive gas in a sub is dangerous so... how do they get rid of it?

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Ժամ առաջ

      Straight overboard through a “tailpipe”.

  • aLiEn

    aLiEn

    6 ժամ առաջ

    Thanks a lot for this knowledge.

  • Toxichammertoe

    Toxichammertoe

    6 ժամ առաջ

    No need for extra equipment! Just put alot of plants in there, that solves the problem😉

  • all the boost

    all the boost

    6 ժամ առաջ

    I used the same style HVAC sniffer at car dealerships as a auto tech.

  • wolfpackflyboy

    wolfpackflyboy

    6 ժամ առաջ

    @smartereveryday Is this the same candle/chemistry that’s in the EPOS and/or “Dixie cups” on airplanes?

  • the Yesinator

    the Yesinator

    7 ժամ առաջ

    I am smartly dumb.

  • Maherda Ekananda

    Maherda Ekananda

    7 ժամ առաջ

    I wonder is this method are also use at aircraft in mission that flying at nuclear warfare such as E-4 Airborne Command Post or WC-135 Constant Phoenix.....?

  • ideally CHIC

    ideally CHIC

    7 ժամ առաջ

    The old-fashioned supermarket superficially crawl because tugboat regularly hover through a known celery. quiet, adjoining mustard

  • ScottNJ

    ScottNJ

    7 ժամ առաջ

    Brilliant info. Who knew if you've not been a submariner. No trolling intended, all due respect to PO2 Dow and Destin. 1) PO Dow, please articulate when interviewed. Your service and knowledge are greatly appreciated. 2) Desitn please coach your interviewee.

  • Saintraft

    Saintraft

    7 ժամ առաջ

    ahh yes... imagine if we had upgraded nuclear tech instead of abandoning it all these decades... fascinating stuff.

  • Ck digital The Q of 6th

    Ck digital The Q of 6th

    8 ժամ առաջ

    They mastered the production task of O2 to last very long, but not infinate, which is why they surface eventually. This kind of 'Oxygen'nizing'(to nick name it) still renders in excise of carbon build up stored away, which could be combined with other elements, like say hydrogen to conjure food as carbohydrates, so on a planet like Mars, these resource are not to limited, depending where you are or how long you must be there, if humans ever master pure artifical production of atmospher, they wouldn't need a planetary realms to survive.

  • Eric Starling

    Eric Starling

    8 ժամ առաջ

    I'm an ex A-ganger on an 688I boat. This exact boat type he visited. Awesome memories

  • ʟᴏɴᴇᴠᴇɴᴛʜᴏʀɪᴢᴏɴ

    ʟᴏɴᴇᴠᴇɴᴛʜᴏʀɪᴢᴏɴ

    8 ժամ առաջ

    Does it really take 30mins to explain this?

  • Little69

    Little69

    8 ժամ առաջ

    Plz make a reverse osmosis video

  • J Alexander Bill

    J Alexander Bill

    8 ժամ առաջ

    shocking lack of comments on Princess Boopersnoot.

  • goguhu

    goguhu

    8 ժամ առաջ

    Kink is pretty much Dutch for 'brick'. It's the residue ash from burning, hardening into a ... brick.

  • Bernie Lomax

    Bernie Lomax

    8 ժամ առաջ

    I used to build the HEX power supplies that run the oxygen generating equipment in the Ohio class. Small company called Treadwell had that contract and they outsourced most of the work to other contractors, we got a lot of that work for 30 years.

  • Caesar Ong

    Caesar Ong

    9 ժամ առաջ

    I cringed a bit when you said "filtered by reverse osmosis". We in the membrane community usually refers to filtration as anything mechanically separated, ultrafiltration is the cutoff for mechanical filtration, anything with smaller pores/molecular void spaces like nanofiltration and osmotic processes we call membrane separation. It can be a bit confusing since "nanofiltration" has the word filter in the name.

  • Logan Cook

    Logan Cook

    9 ժամ առաջ

    Ask someone what happens if there is a leak on a nuclear sub. I'd bet the farm they would have a more intelligent answer than "well then we would have a leak". Thanks don petit. Sorry but you mentioned the lunar lander and i remembered when you asked Don about a leak in a space situation.

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Ժամ առաջ

      Which fluids are you concerned with?

  • Chuck Whitson

    Chuck Whitson

    9 ժամ առաջ

    I bet with the body odor, facts, bad breath it must smell terrible Inside after months

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Ժամ առաջ

      We shower.

    • Grampy Meyer

      Grampy Meyer

      9 ժամ առաջ

      It smells terrible the minute you board.

  • Woody Wang

    Woody Wang

    9 ժամ առաջ

    Everyone knows people on subs take shallow breaths thats why....geeesh

  • RAFIS03 GAMING

    RAFIS03 GAMING

    9 ժամ առաջ

    Salam dari Indonesia

  • Mahesh Babu

    Mahesh Babu

    9 ժամ առաջ

    Really great video brother 💗💗💗💗💗💐💐💐💐💐💐Always God is with you 💐💐💐💐 ஓம் நமசிவாயம் ஓம் நமசிவாயம் ஓம் நமசிவாயம் ஓம் நமசிவாயம்

  • RAFIS03 GAMING

    RAFIS03 GAMING

    9 ժամ առաջ

    Indonesia

  • RAFIS03 GAMING

    RAFIS03 GAMING

    9 ժամ առաջ

    Halo

  • Revtune

    Revtune

    9 ժամ առաջ

    These ships literally have a natural gas plant on board. Amine towers, scrubbers, conditioners, yikes. Those things are jammed packed.

  • diego g.

    diego g.

    9 ժամ առաջ

    21:35 how many pens does he has to carry?

  • The banana lord Who rules all

    The banana lord Who rules all

    9 ժամ առաջ

    E

  • Dilan Singh

    Dilan Singh

    9 ժամ առաջ

    I saw carbon dioxide kill co2 on cams and vent

  • The chaos system

    The chaos system

    9 ժամ առաջ

    Loved all this information and the candles that’s cool never knew about the candles but everything else expected knew about and keep on with the education much appreciate it and it’s always good to refresh your memory on things that way you can never forget

  • Darren Swails

    Darren Swails

    9 ժամ առաջ

    20:33 look like an outline of a whale to his right..

  • André Luz

    André Luz

    9 ժամ առաջ

    clinkers because of cement

  • Shawn Wilson

    Shawn Wilson

    10 ժամ առաջ

    Thanks for helping me with my fish checkout 👍

  • Revtune

    Revtune

    10 ժամ առաջ

    We use sniffers in the oil and gas industry to find gas leaks and other harmful gasses such as H2S and explosive gasses.

  • newbiekunchannel

    newbiekunchannel

    10 ժամ առաջ

    Topic Suggestion!!! "Military MRE" how is made, what is the science behind the calories to an actual soldier is using (carring guns, ammo, supplies)

  • Eddie

    Eddie

    10 ժամ առաջ

    Cold liquids tend to absorb (for lack of a better term) gasses more readily than warm liquids. This explains why cold amine is sprayed, compressed...etc.

  • KodyKK

    KodyKK

    10 ժամ առաջ

    To preface this I don't work on a submarine but I have ran amine units. Usually the exchanger to heat up the rich amine before the stripper is exchanging heat with the hot lean amine to cool it before meeting up with the gas, in this case the air. Lean amine usually works best when its somewhere around 15 degrees warmer than the gas it is coming into contact with.

  • Jay Patterson

    Jay Patterson

    10 ժամ առաջ

    Brilliant and detailed explanation of all the processes. I thought it was much more simple, and I had no idea they had to use oxygen candles and have a controlled metal fire onboard the sub, YIKES!!! Amazing solution but it seems so brute force when operating beside a nuclear reactor!

  • UShaikh1

    UShaikh1

    10 ժամ առաջ

    today we become smarter with dustin

  • Chucky Cheese

    Chucky Cheese

    10 ժամ առաջ

    That kid is so smart! What a nice lad

  • Jay Playz

    Jay Playz

    10 ժամ առաջ

    So that’s how pavel stays down there so lomg